Medicine balls are commonly used by athletes to improve their core strength, especially in the chest, arms and legs. Athletes who have sustained injuries also perform medicine ball training to recover their former strength and fitness. Medicine balls are effective exercise equipment for professional boxers, who use them to build strength in the abdominal muscles. A medicine ball is dropped onto a boxer’s abdomen from a certain height to simulate a punch from an opponent. Certain schools use medicine balls as fitness aids for students, who are required to perform a wide range of exercises to stretch their muscles and improve their strength.Medicine ball exercises are effective for improving sport-specific as well as overall strength, fitness, flexibility and body coordination. They can be performed alone or with one or more partneSome of the common medicine ball exercises include squats, lunges, lunge crossovers, slams, crunches, oblique twists, single-leg V-ups, reverse curls, overhead lateral flexions, kneel to push ups, diagonal chops, figure eights, two-arm wall passes, hammer throws, sit-up passes, front lateral raises and standing Russian twists.